Fair Value Measurement
|9 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2018
|Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]|
|Fair Value Measurement||
NOTE 3 FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENT
The Company’s financial instruments primarily include cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, marketable securities and accounts payable. Due to the short-term nature of cash, cash equivalent, restricted cash, marketable securities and accounts payable, the carrying amounts of these assets and liabilities approximate their fair value. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in an orderly transaction between market participants at the reporting date. The accounting guidance establishes a three-tiered hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in the valuation methodologies in measuring fair value. A fair value hierarchy has been established for valuation inputs that gives the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs. The fair value hierarchy is as follows:
The Company accounted for the warrants issued to accredited shareholders included, among others, down round protective provisions as a non-current liability according to provisions of ASC 815. The Company had measured the warrants at fair value in each reporting period until they are exercised or expired, with changes in the fair value being recognized in the Company’s statement of comprehensive loss. Under ASC 820, the warrants and option liability are classified as Level 3 and cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and marketable securities invested in mutual funds are classified as Level 1. There has been no transfer between any levels during the period. During the third quarter of 2018, the Company adopted ASU 2017-11 retrospectively to outstanding financial instruments with a down round feature by means of cumulative-effect adjustment. The balance as of April 1, 2018 for additional paid-in capital was increased by $6,194,292 and accumulated deficit was decreased by $516,358.
The following is a summary of the warrant and option liabilities from March 31, 2018 to December 31, 2018.
The entire disclosure for the fair value of financial instruments (as defined), including financial assets and financial liabilities (collectively, as defined), and the measurements of those instruments as well as disclosures related to the fair value of non-financial assets and liabilities. Such disclosures about the financial instruments, assets, and liabilities would include: (1) the fair value of the required items together with their carrying amounts (as appropriate); (2) for items for which it is not practicable to estimate fair value, disclosure would include: (a) information pertinent to estimating fair value (including, carrying amount, effective interest rate, and maturity, and (b) the reasons why it is not practicable to estimate fair value; (3) significant concentrations of credit risk including: (a) information about the activity, region, or economic characteristics identifying a concentration, (b) the maximum amount of loss the entity is exposed to based on the gross fair value of the related item, (c) policy for requiring collateral or other security and information as to accessing such collateral or security, and (d) the nature and brief description of such collateral or security; (4) quantitative information about market risks and how such risks are managed; (5) for items measured on both a recurring and nonrecurring basis information regarding the inputs used to develop the fair value measurement; and (6) for items presented in the financial statement for which fair value measurement is elected: (a) information necessary to understand the reasons for the election, (b) discussion of the effect of fair value changes on earnings, (c) a description of [similar groups] items for which the election is made and the relation thereof to the balance sheet, the aggregate carrying value of items included in the balance sheet that are not eligible for the election; (7) all other required (as defined) and desired information.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef