Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Commitments and Contingencies

Commitments and Contingencies
12 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Commitments and Contingencies Disclosure [Abstract]  
Commitments and Contingencies



On October 22, 2013, The Company entered into a patent license agreement with a third party, pursuant to which AIT agreed to pay to the third party a non-refundable upfront fee of $150,000 and is obligated to pay 5% royalties of any licensed product net sales, but at least $50,000 per annum through the term of the agreement and the advance is credited against future royalties payments. As of March 31, 2019, the Company did not pay any royalties since the Company did not have any revenues from this license. The term of the agreement extends through the life of applicable patents and may be terminated by either party with 60 days’ prior written notice in the event of a breach of the agreement, and may be terminated unilaterally by CareFusion with 30 days’ prior written notice in the event that we do not meet certain milestones.


In August 2015, AIT entered into an Option Agreement (the “Option Agreement”) with a third party whereby AIT acquired the Option to purchase certain intellectual property assets and rights (the “Option”) on September 7, 2016 for $25,000. On January 13, 2017, the Company exercised the Option and paid $500,000. The Company became obligated to make certain one-time development and sales milestone payments to Pulmonox, commencing with the date on which we receive regulatory approval for the commercial sale of the first product candidate qualifying under the agreement. These milestone payments are capped at a total of $87 million across three separate and distinct indications that fall under the agreement, with the majority of them, approximately $83 million, being sales related based on cumulative sales milestones for each of the three products.AIT issued to the third party a warrant (the “Third Party Warrant”) to purchase up to 178,570 ordinary shares of AIT at an exercise price of $4.80 for each share. This warrant was exchanged for a warrant to acquire the same number of shares of the Company’s common stock upon consummation of the merger. The shares exchange was at 1:1 ratio. The Company recorded stock-based compensation expense of $479,700 to research and development based upon the fair value using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. On May 10, 2018, the Company issued to the third-party additional warrants to purchase up to 29,763 shares of the Company at an exercise price of $4.80 per share for each share of common stock. The Company recorded stock-based compensation expense of $55,900 to research and development based upon the fair value using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The warrants expire in January 2024.


On January 31, 2018 the Company entered into an agreement (“Agreement”) with NitricGen, Inc. (“NitricGen”) acquire a global, exclusive, transferable license and associated assets including intellectual property, know-how, trade secrets and confidential information from NitricGen related to NO delivery systems (“Delivery System”). The Company acquired the licensing right to use the technology and agreed to pay NitricGen a total of $2,000,000 in future payments based upon achieving certain milestones, as defined in the Agreement, and royalties on sales of the Delivery System. The Company paid NitricGen $100,000 upon the execution agreement, $100,000 upon achieving the next milestone and has an obligation to issue 100,000 options to purchase the Company’s stock upon executing the agreement. The remaining future milestone payments are $1,800,00 of which $1,500,000 in six months after the first approval of the eNOGenorator by the FDA or EMEA. The term of the options is five year and has an exercise price of $6.90 per share. The Company issued 100,000 options to purchase common stock. The Company recorded stock-based compensation of $295,000 which was the fair market value of the options Black-Scholes option pricing model. The Company used a volatility rate of 79.9%, risk-free interest rate of 2.5%, an expected term of five years and a dividend rate of 0%. The Company recorded the milestone payments and the fair market value of the options as a licensing right to use the technology which is an intangible asset, aggregating $495,000. The Company reversed a prior period expense of $200,000 and recorded a licensing right to use asset related to acquired technology. This adjustment was due to the Company’s re-assessment of the acquired technology and the conclusion that it has alternative future uses.


The Company entered into two office lease agreements, which expire on April 2021 and June 2023. Future minimum commitments for each of the fiscal years ending March 31, are as follows:


Year Ended 
March 31,
2020   $ 129,100  
2021     90,100  
2022     65,400  
2023     64,700  
2024     16,300  
Total   $ 365,600  


Rent expense for the year ended March 31, 2019, for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and for the year ended December 31, 2018 was $115,276, $25,059 and $73,013, respectively.


Litigation Contingencies


On March 16, 2018, Empery Asset Master, Ltd., Empery Tax Efficient, LP and Empery Tax Efficient II, LP, (collectively, “Empery”), filed a complaint in the Supreme Court of the State of New York, relating to the notice of adjustment of both the exercise price of and the number of warrant shares issuable under warrants issued to Empery in January 2017. The Empery Suit alleges that, as a result of certain circumstances in connection with the February 2018 Offering, the January 2017 Warrants issued to Empery provide for adjustments to both the exercise price of the warrants and the number of warrant shares issuable upon such exercise. Empery seeks monetary damages and declaratory relief under theories of breach of contract or contract reformation predicated on mutual mistake. The Company intends to vigorously defend all claims. The Company believes they met the contractual requirements of the contract and properly adjusted the applicable warrants in accordance with the protection features.


Given the early stage of the litigation, it is not possible to determine or assess the probability of any particular outcome.


In connection with the Licensing agreement signed with Circassia Pharmaceuticals plc, the Company is obligated to pay an investment banker, $250,000, if a future milestone is reached. The Company has accrued this obligation since it is probable that the event will occur.


Certain officer agreements contain a change of control provision for payment of severance arrangements.